Surrogate or Gestational Carrier
A gestational carrier (surrogate) is needed when a woman cannot carry a healthy pregnancy. “Gestational carrier” is a term used to describe a surrogate who carries a pregnancy created from the egg and sperm of the parents. The eggs (oocytes) of the biological mother are inseminated with sperm of her partner, fertilized, grown to embryos in a Petri dish and then placed into the gestational carrier in a process similar to IVF.
The woman and her partner requiring the surrogate are the biological parents; the surrogate mother has no genetic link to the baby.
The reasons a woman may need a gestational carrier may be due to a hysterectomy (removal of uterus), uterine problem, recurrent pregnancy loss, or a severe medical condition that may put the mother and child at risk for severe complications of pregnancy. Usually the eggs of the biological mother and her partner are used, although if additional infertility issues exist, donor eggs or sperm may be used (the surrogate’s eggs are not used, however, to avoid legal issues caused by a genetic link to the baby).
The gestational carrier is a healthy woman who will carry the pregnancy to term and deliver the child for the biological parents. To prevent legal issues, a legal contract is required to be drawn up between the gestational carrier and biological parents.
Reproductive Science Center of NJ will coordinate the care of the biological parents and gestational carrier and continue the care of the gestational carrier for the first 7-8 weeks of pregnancy. The entire process will be explained to you at your initial consultation.
For More Information
Read, download or print the Gestational Carrier Handbook